Pre diabetes is a wake-up call that you’re on the path to diabetes. Pre diabetes is the precursor stage before diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Glucose is required for the cells to produce energy and help growth. When your body does not produce enough or any insulin then type-1 diabetes is affected. If your body have plenty of insulin but the cells are resistant to the insulin is called type-2 diabetes.

Pre diabetes is a stage when your blood sugar level is higher than normal, but it’s not high enough to be considered diabetes. People with pre diabetes have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular (heart and circulation) disease. Type-2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes.

Diabetes develops very gradually, so when you’re in the pre diabetes stage you may not have any symptoms at all. You may have these:

  • Hungrier than normal
  • Loss weight, despite eating more
  • Thirstier than normal
  • Want to go to bath room more frequently
  • More tired than usual

DIAGNOSIS

Don’t eat (fasting) for 8 hours before taking the blood test. If your results are:

  • Lesser than 100 then you are normal
  • Between 100-125 then pre-diabetes
  • Higher than 126 then you have diabetes

First you take a fasting glucose test. Then drink a sugary solution. After two hours take another blood test. If your results are:

  • Lesser than 140 then you are normal
  • Between 140-199 then you have pre-diabetes
  • Higher than 200 then you have diabetes

Risk Factors for Type-2 Diabetes

  • Having high blood pressure
  • Weight
  • Family history
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Other health problems

Prevention

Prevention is better than cure, let’s look at the diabetes prevention recommendations:

  • Eating nutritious foods
  • Exercise
  • Control your weight
  • Control your blood pressure and cholesterol