What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a health disorder or disease that occurs when your body can’t maintain the glucose level in the blood. Glucose is a form of sugar which is the main source of energy for our bodies. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar. When the glucose level in the blood increases above the normal limit diabetes can happen.

The main 3 diabetes signs are:

a) Increased Thirst
b) Increased need to urinate
c) Increased hunger

Types of diabetes:

The most common types of diabetes are type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.

1] Type 1 Diabetes:

In Type -1 diabetes the body does not produce enough insulin needed. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that allows your body keep your blood sugar level from getting too high (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia). This can happen due to a pancreatic disorder such as an autoimmune disorder or a viral infective disorder. Type 1 Diabetes is commonly found in young people. People with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day to stay alive.

Type 1 Diabetes Symptom often appear suddenly and include:

a) High levels of sugar in the blood and urine
b) Frequent urination
c) Hunger

2] Type 2 Diabetes:

In Type-2 diabetes your body produce insulin, but their cells don’t use it as well as they should. You can develop type 2 diabetes at any age, even during childhood. However, this type of diabetes occurs most often in middle-aged and older people. Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes symptoms include

a) Thirst
b) Regular need to urinate, tiredness
c) Irritability and nausea

3] Gestational Diabetes:

Gestational diabetes is detected in pregnant women. If you had gestational diabetes, you have a great chance of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Symptoms of Diabetes:

1] Increased urine output
2] Excessive thirst
3] Weight loss
4] Tiredness, Headaches
5] Hunger
6] Fatigue
7] Skin problems
8] Slow healing wounds

9] Yeast infections
10] Tingling and numbness in the feet or toes

Is Diabetes Serious?

Diabetes can be managed, but it is serious. The complications are the same for type 1 and type 2 diabetes including heart diseases, stroke, blindness and kidney diseases. So if a person has good blood sugar control then he can reduce the risk over diabetes.

Causes of Diabetes.

When your body can’t maintain the glucose level in the blood diabetes can happen. Diabetes can also occur depending on genetic, hereditary, health and other factors. The reason for a person to get diabetes may vary depending on individuals.

1) Type-1 Diabetes Causes

In type-1 diabetes the pancreas does not produce the sufficient insulin need for the body. This is occurred due to the auto immune destruction of the beta cells that produce insulin. There is no specific diabetes cause, but the following triggers diabetes:

a) Viral or bacterial infection
b) Chemicals toxins within foods
c) Unidentified component causing a autoimmune reaction

Diagnoses

Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed with a blood test for blood glucose. If your results are:

a) greater than 125 when fasting a diagnose of diabetes is made
b) greater than 200 randomly a diagnose of diabetes is made

Another test called A1C test can be done for detailed checking for type-1 diabetes.

2) Type-2 Diabetes Causes

In type-2 diabetes your body produce insulin, but their cells don’t use it as well as they should. Type-2 diabetes occurs due to multiple factors, more than one diabetes causes are involved here. The most overwhelming factor is the family history, you can get diabetes from your father’s side or from your mother’s side or from both may occur. The other factors for type-2 diabetes include:

a) Obesity
b) Living a sedentary lifestyle
c) Increasing age
d) Bad die
e) Hypertension

Diagnoses

Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed with a blood test for blood glucose. If your results are:

a) greater than 125 when fasting a diagnose of diabetes is made
b) greater than 200 randomly a diagnose of diabetes is made

Another test called A1C test can be done for detailed checking for type-1 diabetes.

3) Gestational diabetes

This type of diabetes is mainly effected by females during pregnancy. The hormonal changes of pregnancy along with genetic and lifestyle factors are the main reason for gestational diabetes. The risk factors that increase the chances of developing this condition:

a) Family history of gestational diabetes
b) Overweight or obese
c) Suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome
d) Hormonal Diseases

Diagnoses

Doctors use blood tests to diagnose gestational diabetes. You may have the glucose test, the oral glucose tolerance test, or both. These tests show how well your body uses glucose.

Glucose Challenge Test

In this test, a health care professional will draw your blood 1 hour after you drink a sweet liquid containing glucose. You do not need to fast for this test. Fasting means having nothing to eat or drink except water. If your blood glucose is too high—140 or more—you may need to return for an oral glucose tolerance test while fasting. If your blood glucose is 200 or more, you may have type 2 diabetes.

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test

The OGTT measures blood glucose after you fast for at least 8 hours. First, a health care professional will draw your blood. Then you will drink the liquid containing glucose. You will need your blood drawn every hour for 2 to 3 hours for a doctor to diagnose gestational diabetes.

High blood glucose levels at any two or more blood test times—fasting, 1 hour, 2 hours, or 3 hours—mean you have gestational diabetes.